Indo-European I

This programme will consist of the following three courses: Old Church Slavic (slot 1), An introductory course on Sanskrit and its historical grammar (slot 3), and Introduction to Proto-Indo-European Phonology and Morphology (slot 4).

Slot 1: Old Church Slavic (9.30 - 11.00)

Tijmen Pronk (Leiden)

Course outline
Old Church Slavic is the oldest Slavic that is known to us and is in many respects close to Proto-Slavic, the reconstructed ancestor of all Slavic languages. The course will provide an introduction into the structure of Old Church Slavic and it will explore its Balto-Slavic and Indo-European origins. During the course, the student will become familiar with the historical background of the Old Church Slavic tradition and the characteristics of the Old Church Slavic textual corpus. Old Church Slavic phonology and the way in which it is reflected in the Old Church Slavic alphabets will be discussed in detail. The main focus of the course will be on historical phonology and morphology. Old Church Slavic grammar will be studied in enough detail for the participant to understand the historical developments that will be discussed and to read two short Biblical texts.
At the end of the course, participants are expected to have basic structural knowledge of Old Church Slavic, to be able to interpret Old Church Slavic data from an Indo-European perspective and to be aware of the most important literature concerning the historical grammar of Old Church Slavic.

Course materials
Course materials will be made available to the students before the start of the course, additional material will be provided during classes. Before start of the course, participants are expected to learn the Old Church Slavic Cyrillic alphabet (a table can be downloaded here; the first column contains the Cyrillic alphabet and the third lists the corresponding Latin symbols).

Level
This course requires basic familiarity with historical linguistics. Prior knowledge of one or more Slavic languages is an advantage but is not required.

Slot 2: Introduction to Avestan / Gothic (11.30 - 13.00)

During the second slot there is no course in this programme, but participants may consider signing up for the courses Introduction to Avestan or Gothic from the Iranian and the Germanic programmes, respectively.

Slot 3: An introductory course on Sanskrit and its historical grammar (14.00 - 15.30)

Leonid Kulikov (Ghent / Leiden)

Course description
The aim of this course is to introduce the students to the main linguistic features of Vedic Sanskrit – one of the most ancient Indo-European languages. The course will offer a general survey of the corpus of Vedic texts and a brief outline of the Vedic grammar, focusing, foremost, on the features of the language of the oldest Vedic text, the Rgveda. A synchronic description of the early Vedic linguistic system will be accompanied with elements of the Indo-Aryan historical grammar.

We will read small portions of the two most important early Vedic texts, Rgveda and Atharvaveda, in transliteration. We will mainly concentrate on the linguistic analysis of texts, but some extra-linguistic aspects of understanding Vedic text will be touched upon as well.

Course materials

Course materials will be made available to the students before the start of the course.

Level
Familiarity with the basics of the reconstruction of the Proto-Indo-European language; basic knowledge of the principles of general and historical linguistics. A preliminary knowledge of Sanskrit is not required.

Slot 4: Introduction to Proto-Indo-European Phonology and Morphology (16.00-17.30)

Alexander Lubotsky (Leiden)

Course description
The aim of this course is to familiarize the student with the main phonological and morphological issues in the reconstruction of Proto-Indo-European. We will review the most important elements of the linguistic system from which the different Indo-European languages have developed. The subject matter will be illustrated by means of small exercises in reconstruction. At the end of the course, the student should be able to start investigating problems of IE etymology.

Course outline (per day)
1. Survey of main IE languages, their orthography and linguistic systems  
2. Phonemes of PIE, morpheme structure, phonotactics 
3. PIE stops 
4. PIE sibilant and resonants, laryngeals (I) 
5. PIE vowels and diphthongs, laryngeals (II) 
6. PIE noun inflexion 
7. noun suffixes, internal derivation 
8. PIE verbal system: conjugation 
9. PIE verbal system: stem formation 
10. Exercises in PIE etymology

Course materials
Course materials will be made available to the students before the start of the course.

Level
Familiarity with languages with a case system; general knowledge of the principles of historical linguistics. All examples from non-Latin alphabets will be given in a Latin transcription.