External PhD candidate. Research project: Pure Islam according to “Shaykh al-Islām” Taqī al-Dīn al-Hilālī: A Study of al-fatāwa al-hilāliyya (1963-1987). Supervisor: Professor P.S. van Koningsveld.
Pure Islam according to “Shaykh al-Islām” Taqī al-Dīn al-Hilālī: A Study of al-fatāwa al-hilāliyya (1963-1987)
The present study focuses on Taqī al-Dīn al-Hilālī’s fatwās, because of his close contacts with the most prominent figures of the salafi movement. Al-Hilālī is considered as one the most significant Muslim religious authority and Salafi figures of the 20th century .This thesis provides us with an unprecedented opportunity to shed light on his fatwās.
I have noticed an increasing interest for Taqī al-Dīn al-Hilālī’s and his work, both in the west and in the arab world. Remarkably enough, both Muslim and western scholarships scarcely pay attention to Taqī al-Dīn al-Hilālī’s fatwa’s. It may be noticed that no study on that subject has been undertaken so far. Despite the fact that there are scattered allusions in some individual studies on a few of his works, al-Hilālī’s work still needs much investigation.
The reason why I want to focus on al-Hilālī ‘s fatwas is the fact that these fatwas are an unpublished original manuscripts, and because the life of al-Hilālī, his religious thought in general and his fatwas in particular have not been studied. All these things provides us with an unprecedented opportunity to shed light on his fatwās.
The study is devoted to examine and analyse of Al-fatāwa al-Hilāliyya. It concentrates on the origin and the development of the views of Taqī al-Dīn al-Hilālī’s on Pure Islam during last two decades of his life (1963-1987). This study represent a critical Analyse of al-Hilālī’s fatwās and the discussion of these fatwās in a wider religious perspective.Through al-Hilālī’s fatwas , I will be discussing what kind of mufti he was, this is because al-Hilālī deny the validity of following a particular traditional school of law. He felt less bounded to the Maliki, shafi’I, hanafi and Hanbali school of law. Al-Hilālī is claiming that he is relying upon the Quran and Sunna and that his orientation (manhaj) was more bounded to madhab al-salaf.
The purpose of this study is to identify and understand what kind of mufti al-Hilālī was, and evaluate al-Hilālī’s pretention to ijtihād and his forceful rejection of taqlīd. This is critically needed to identify to which ideal type al-hilali belongs as he was obviously modernist in some fatwas and puristic salafi in others.