Claudia Carvalho

PhD candidate at Tilburg University. Research project: The Ritualization of Religious Violence: Jihad and Islamic Terrorism. Supervisors: Professor Herman Beck and Professor Wouter van Beek.

The Ritualization of religious violence: Jihad and Islamic Terrorism

Claudia's PhD project aims at comprehensive explaining, defining and exposing emphatic idiosyncrasies of ritualized religious violence so as to evaluate the application of these phenomena to the Islamic sacralization of Jihad and Terrorism. 

It seems as if Jihad takes on a theophoric authority gaining the strength of ritualization and therefore gaining the strength to mobilize religious violence in the quest to a new social dynamism. Against this background the central question of this research is whether Jihad is a potential ritual of religious violence aiming to the construction of a new Islamic civilization.


Claudia Carvalho is a PhD candidate at the Department of Cultural Studies, School of Humanities, at Tilburg University. In her research, Claudia analyzes the theme of religious violence in the form of Jihad and Islamic Terrorism.

In 2003 she completed summa cum laude her Master Degree in International Relations with a thesis about the Israeli-Arabic conflict that was later published as a book. Pursuing further her education she attended the Course of National Defense promoted by the Portuguese Defense Ministry in 2005. Also in this year she co-wrote a book, Islam in Europe, where she traced the profile of Islamic communities in Scandinavian countries.

Since then she has been actively participating in International and national Conferences over Islam, Jihad and Terrorism, either as a key speaker and as a panelist. Claudia focuses her research interests on Islam, rituals, religious violence, Jihad, e-Jihad and Terrorism.

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Last Modified: 16-04-2014