Research projects

Information about LUCAS research projects

Marie Curie Programmma (Zevende Kaderprogramma): Mobility of Ideas and Transmission of Texts. Vernacular Literature in the Rhineland and the Low Countries (ca. 1300-1550)

Title Mobility of Ideas and Transmission of Texts. Vernacular Literature and Learning in the Rhineland and the Low Countries (ca. 1300-1550)
Supervisor Dr. G. Warnar e.a. (Leiden)
Department Dutch Language and Culture
Researchers     12 PhD researchers. In Leiden: Y.A.A. van Damme MA, H. Dierckx MA en J.A. de Mol MA
Leiden (office), Freiburg, Lecce, Oxford en Antwerpen
Term 2009 until 2013
Budget Eur 2.300.000,-


Summary
Mobility of Ideas and Transmission of Texts is an Initial Training Network that studies the medieval transmission of learning from the ecclesiastical and academic elites of the professional intellectuals to the wider readership that could be reached through the vernacular. The programme focuses on the medieval dynamics of intellectual life in the Rhineland and the Low countries, nowadays divided over five countries ( Switzerland, France, Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands) but one cultural region in the later Middle Ages. Here, the great fourteenth-century mystics Meister Eckhart, Johannes Tauler, Jan van Ruusbroec and their contemporaries produced a sophisticated vernacular literature on contemplative theology and religious practice, introducing new lay audiences to a personal relation with the Supreme Being. The project seeks to develop a new perspective on this literary culture by looking at the readership, appropriation and circulation of texts in the contemporary religious and intellectual contexts. The programme unites expertise in the fields of medieval philosophy, religious studies, manuscript studies and Dutch and German literature, to provide structural training for interdisciplinary and international research in one of the medieval aspects of European culture of lasting merit. The training programme is built on a number of current research projects in which all full partners participate simultaneously, thus offering an adequate international infrastructure for a series of coherent PhD projects on medieval literature and learning that require a broader academic framework than the national literatures and other concepts of the modern tradition of academic disciplines. The programme prepares a new generation of medievalists for international careers in academic research, education and the presentation of the medieval cultural heritage.

To project's website


European Research Council (ERC) Starting Grant: Elevated Minds:The Sublime in the Public Arts in 17th-century Paris and Amsterdam

Title Elevated Minds:The Sublime in the Public Arts in 17th-century Paris and Amsterdam
Supervisor Dr. S.P.M. Bussels
Department Art History
Researchers Dr. S.P.M. Bussels, Dr. B. van Oostveldt, L.M. Plezier MA, W.L. Jansen MA
Term 2013 until 2017
Budget

The ERC Starting Grant aims to support up-and-coming researchers who are about to establish a new research team and to start conducting independent research in Europe. The Grant is awarded to promising researchers who have the proven potential of becoming independent research leaders. It also supports the creation of excellent new research teams.

Summary
The sublime combines conflicting emotions: fear and awe, horror and fascination. It sweeps the public off its feet in an overwhelming experience of beauty mixed with terror and admiration, caused by stupendous works of art, terrifying natural events, such as earthquakes, or acts that are so shocking they can hardly be put into words. Originally a rhetorical concept, its main classical classical source is ps.-Longinus' treatise Peri hupsous or On the Sublime, probably written in the 1st century AD. Although the sublime is sometimes presented as part of, or even as a sub-category of the rhetorical genus grande, the most elevated of the three genera elecutionis, we will focus in this project on how in the early modern period the sublime functioned as a distinct artistic and aesthetic category, distinguished by the combination of the conflicting emotions of fear and awe, horror and fascination. The development of this artistic category is underpinned by the reception, dissemination and transformations of the treatise by ps.-Longinus on the sublime, and to a lesser degree by that of other varieties of the sublime developed in antiquity by Lucretius, Seneca and other Roman imperial authors.

Contrary to the widely-held assumptions, the revival of the sublime did not begin with the adaptation published by Boileau in 1674; it was not connected solely with the early Greek editions that began to appear from 1554; nor was its impact limited to the rhetoric and literature. Manuscript copies circulated in Quattrocento Italy and from there spread to France, the Low Countries and Britain. Many of these early versions were produced in milieus distinguished by strong political influence combined with an evident interest in the visual arts and the theatre such as the Farnese and the Barberini in Rome, or Mazarin in Paris and the families from which the city government of Amsterdam was chosen.

To project website


Spinoza premie prof.dr. I. Sluiter (Classics and Classical Civilization)

Information on website NWO

Information on website Leiden University


NWO Graduate Programme

Title Arts in Society
Supervisor Prof.dr. A. Visser
Department LUCAS
Researchers 4 PhD researchers
Term December 2014 until December 2019
Budget 850.000 euro



Summary
LUCAS pools expertise in the fields of literary history and theory, book, film and media studies, and art history. Exploring cultural production in Europe, Latin America and Africa, the institute’s research programme focuses on the continuous interconnectedness of the Arts and Society in both the textual culture of literature, learning and public debate and the visual culture of art, architecture, film, photography and the digital media. The institute hosts a variety of academic disciplines, covering the period from classical antiquity to contemporary culture. LUCAS is therefore uniquely placed to study the  broad concept of the Arts, with its rapidly changing ideas and theories of cultural production, as a response to societal challenges.
LUCAS aims to develop its research programme further in four domains which are of particular interest for the interaction of the Arts and/in Society: (1) religion, (2) science & technology, (3) law & justice and (4) politics. Cultural production and cultural practices shape and are shaped by the debates, ideologies and beliefs in these fields of human agency – no matter what period or art form. New PhD projects in these four domains will further enhance LUCAS’s research in the Arts:

(1)      Through the ages texts, images and objects of all kinds have been instruments of religious self-formation, vehicles for confronting, commenting on and confirming theological doctrine or artistic expressions of piety.

(2)      Although, after centuries of collaboration, the humanities and the sciences seem to have gone their separate ways as academic disciplines, art interacts continuously with new technologies and fields of learning in social and cultural practices.

(3)      Literature and law, both being language based, are mutually inspiring and also mutually critical sister disciplines with regard to issues of justice. Fundamental concepts, such as personhood, are shared by the domains of law and literature. Literature and art, in general, have been – and still are – keen to dwell within and beyond the limits of the law.

(4)      For this domain politics should be understood in a broad sense: as the collective process of practices, choices and acts that determine the realisation of one world or another. Possible focus areas for research could be strategies of power, institutions, aesthetics, etc.

See also: http://www.nwo.nl/onderzoek-en-resultaten/programmas/graduate.

 


NWO-VIDI: The quest for the legitimacy of architecture in Europe, 1750-1850

Title The quest for the legitimacy of architecture in Europe, 1750-1850
Supervisor     dr. ir. M.J.F. Delbeke
Department Art History
Researchers         dr. ir. M.J.F. Delbeke, Dr. S.D. de Jong, L.J. Bleijenberg MA
Term 01-02-2010 until 31-01-2015
Budget Eur 800.000,00



Summary
Architecture emerged as an autonomous discipline in the Renaissance with the publication of theories of design: treatises defining the architect's knowledge, and the principles and models for designing buildings. These principles were founded on the conviction that to become works of art, buildings need to acquire meanings that, transcending the structural, spatial and functional aspects of architecture, are cultural in the widest sense of the word. Design theories substantiated this claim by invoking the authorities of Vitrivius'? treatise on architecture and the ruins of antiquity, examples of good design incorporating the values of an exemplary civilisation. At the end of the 17th century, however, the authority of antiquity was eroded, while developments in science and technology changed building practice and design. As a result, over the period 1750-1850 new design theories emerged. Whereas the majority of these texts are well known, it has rarely been noted that they aimed at repositioning architectural design within culture writ large. After all, the architectural profession still required design principles which promised to produce buildings of cultural relevance. Moreover, after antiquity had lost its authority, architectural theory sought new intellectual foundations in emerging discourses such as primitivism. Finally, in search of cultural legitimacy, the reflection on architectural design expanded outside the realm of the treatise. By examining this process, the programme aims to redefine the body of architectural theory of the period in Europe, and to consider in detail how at a time when attitudes towards the past fundamentally changed, architectural theory sought new ways of explaining how buildings acquire wider cultural meanings by turning to new theories of the origins of society. Thus, the programme aims to identify the intellectual contexts that were of importance for the architectural theory of the period, and especially to clarify the relation of architectural theory to primitivism.


To the website of the research project


NWO-VIDI: Turning over a New Leaf: Manuscript Innovation in the Twelfth-Century Renaissance

Title Turning over a New Leaf: Manuscript Innovation in the Twelfth-Century Renaissance
Supervisor     dr. F. Kwakkel
Department         English language and culture
Researchers dr. F. Kwakkel, dr. I. O'Daly, J.A. Weston MA, J.A. Somers MA, J.P.C. Janzen MA
Term 01-05-2010 until 31-04-2015
Budget Eur 800.000,00 

Summary
The project described on these pages is concerned with the intriguing relationship between written culture and society, specifically how innovations in the technology of the medieval manuscript (the handwritten book, or codex, used before the invention of print) relate to cultural change. It will argue that the age of renewal known as the "Twelfth-Century Renaissance" (c. 1075 - c. 1225) produced a new manuscript format, custom-tailored for the age: during this period manuscript production turned over a new leaf, as did readers, who were introduced to new reading aids, page layouts and scripts. This proposal claims that the emergence of this new book is caused by shifts in the manner of reading and the texts that were read, as well as a changing intellectual profile of scholars. The project traces the roots of this new manuscript (the institutional homes of a new breed of European scholars), maps its development, and explains its elevation to new book standard. With its innovative blend of physicality and historical inquiry the project is anticipated to have significant implications for all medieval disciplines that use primary sources. As it is, primary sources are silent beyond the words on their pages: medieval scholars nearly exclusively turn to these sources for their contents. However, this project will show, based on a "field-tested" methodology, how observations related to the physical formats in which medieval texts were fitted (type of script, reading aids, layout of the page, etc.) can be "spun" and used as historical arguments. By showing how medieval primary sources can be exploited more fully, beyond the text they carry, the project demonstrates to medieval scholars from a variety of disciplines how to turn over a new leaf in their inquiries and look at familiar textual sources from a new perspective.

To the website of the research project


NWO-VIDI: Greek Criticism and Latin Literature. Classicism and Cultural Interaction in the Late Republican and Early Imperial Rome

Title Greek Criticism and Latin Literature. Classicism and Cultural Interaction in the Late Republican and Early Imperial Rome
Supervisor dr. C.C. de Jonge
Department Classics and Classical Civilization
Researchers dr. C.C. de jonge, drs. A.M. Schippers, drs. S. Ooms, Mw. M. de Vries
Term 01-04-2014 until 31-12-2018
Budget Eur 800.000,00

Summary
This project will examine the intriguing relationship between Greek literary criticism and Latin literature in Rome (first centuries BC and AD). It will focus on the connections between the Greek treatises of Dionysius of Halicarnassus and Roman works of rhetoric (Cicero, Quintilian) and Latin poetry (Virgil, Horace).

In his critical works, Dionysius studies the classical literature of the Greek past. His activities, however, are firmly based in the literary and rhetorical culture of the Roman present. Dionysius knows Latin, teaches Roman students and participates in a network of Greek and Roman intellectuals. The works of Dionysius and his Greek colleagues (Caecilius, Longinus) have traditionally been studied as part of the Greek tradition of literary criticism, whereas the interaction between Greek critics and contemporary authors of Latin texts has received little attention. This project will argue that Greek scholars and Roman writers participate in a continuous dialogue, contributing to a discourse of poetics, rhetoric and literary criticism. Common interests between Dionysius and Roman authors include classicism, stylistic composition, and creative imitation.

Classical Greek literature plays a central role in the cultural interaction between Greeks and Romans. Greeks under Roman rule locate their identity in the classical past of Greece. Romans are interested in the same Greek tradition, which inspires them to compose new literary works in competition with the Greeks: Sappho and Pindar are important models for both Dionysius and Horace, as Demosthenes is for Dionysius and Cicero. The literary past forms a powerful means of negotiating identity for Greeks as well as Romans, since it helps both groups to define their role in the present.

By drawing attention to the unexplored dialogue between Greek criticism and Latin literature, this research project aims to present a new vision of rhetorical and literary culture in Late Republican and Early Imperial Rome.

To project website


NWO-VENI: Shaping Roman virtue. Early Roman oratory and the fashioning of aristocratic identity in the Empire

Title Shaping Roman virtue. Early Roman oratory and the fashioning of aristocratic identity in the Empire
Supervisor     dr. C.H. Pieper
Department          Greek and Latin languages and cultures
Researcher dr. C.H. Pieper
Term 2010-2015
Budget Eur 235.000,00


Summary

Even in our time, the model for rhetorical theory and practice remains classical antiquity, notably the Roman orator Cicero. But what about the orators that came before Cicero? Our knowledge of pre-Ciceronian oratory, of which we possess only a few, strongly fragmented original texts, is largely based on Cicero's Brutus. In this work, however, Cicero constructs an 'ideal orator' which implies that his view on the earlier period is all but objective. Factual literary history of early Roman oratory is therefore impossible to achieve. Rather, my project aims to analyse pre-Ciceronian rhetoric in the context of the later shaping of Roman and especially aristocratic values. Traditionally, oratory was a key competence of the Roman upper classes. They used it to ensure the stability of the political and social system on which their power was based. With the end of the republic, space for oratory in political debate was much reduced, since major decisions were now taken by the emperor. In response, the Roman nobility had to reshape its social identity and negotiate its position. One argumentative strategy in this process was the fashioning of an idealized image of republican eloquence and the ancient orators. By the insertion of their concept of ?republican oratory? as cultural capital within a socio-cultural canon, they shaped themselves as the true carriers of republican values. Thus discourse about republican oratory became itself an instrument for stabilizing contemporary identities. My project will map this process of negotiation from the end of the 1st century BC to the 2nd century AD. I will contrast the cultural fashioning of republican orators with the fragmentary remains of their texts in order to establish points of contact and disagreement. The hypothesis is that our understanding of these fragments cannot be separated from the imperial process of shaping ideal oratory.


NWO-VENI: The Sublime in Context

Title The Sublime in Context
Supervisor     dr. C.C. de Jonge
Department          Greek and Latin languages and cultures
Researcher dr. C.C. de Jonge
Term 2010-2015
Budget Eur 250.000,00


Summary

Does the Sublime have a context? One of the most influential concepts of ancient rhetorical and literary theory, the Sublime (Greek: hupsos) inspired many modern thinkers such as Kant, Burke and Schopenhauer. In the first century BC, rhetoricians seem to have developed the terminology of hupsos (literally height) in order to describe the special effect of a passage in prose or poetry that enchants and completely overwhelms the audience. The modern fascination for the sublime is ultimately based on the ancient rhetorical treatise On the Sublime (Peri hupsous), the unknown author of which is commonly referred to as Longinus. Because both date and authorship of this work are unknown, scholars have traditionally regarded the treatise as an isolated, unique and even mysterious piece of ancient literary criticism. Peri hupsous is considered to be so timeless that it seems to be a work without context. This research project, however, aims at placing the ancient Sublime (and the treatise that made it famous) in its intellectual context, by examining the close connections between Longinus and five disciplines that are highly relevant to his work: (1) rhetorical theory, (2) technical grammar, (3) poetic criticism, (4) art and architecture and (5) the theory and practice of literary composition in Augustan poetry. Through close reading, intertextuality and discourse analysis, On the Sublime will be compared with the works of a number of Greek and Roman authors who represent the five contexts mentioned. By relating Longinus' discourse and ideas to these different disciplines, we will be able to reconstruct the intellectual context of his rich and multidisciplinary treatise. This reading of Longinus within the rhetorical, cultural, literary and intellectual world of the first centuries BC and AD will result in a new early history of one of the most influential categories in the history of literature.

NWO-VENI: Female Spies or 'she-Intelligencers': Towards a Gendered History of Seventeenth-Century Espionage

Extract from a letter by Aphra Behn: Aphra Behn’s cipher: SP29/169 f.47

Extract from a letter by Aphra Behn: Aphra Behn’s cipher: SP29/169 f.47

Title Female Spies or 'she-Intelligencers': Towards a Gendered History of Seventeenth-Century Espionage
Supervisor     dr. N.N.W. Akkerman
Department          English language and culture
Researcher dr. N.N.W. Akkerman
Term 01-03-2011 until 28-02-2015
Budget Eur 250.000,00


Summary
The role of female spies in early modern Europe was much more extensive than scholars have assumed until now. Women could not be appointed as ambassadors or official diplomats. They were, however, welcomed within alternative, semi-private spaces - such as the secretariats of households and distribution centres of mail - engaging with the production, surveying and gathering of intelligence. The scholarship that has been done on English early modern convents on the Continent reveals the more worldly activities of nuns: their involvement in politics and espionage. A few nuns who acted as spies for the Stuart cause have received significant attention. Yet these and other case studies are still considered as isolated incidents. The predominant historiography of early modern intelligence or espionage typically characterizes the seventeenth-century world of the spy as a female-free zone.

This project argues that female spying activities were by no means out of the ordinary in the context of British intercontinental relations in the first half of the seventeenth century. In fact, playwrights, nurses, ladies-in-waiting, postmistresses, and women in other professions and positions operated as spies during this period. This means that they secretly obtained information from the enemy either out of political or religious convictions, or to obtain money or power. Unlike men, these women were not restricted by codes of chivalry and honour. Sometimes they worked alone, but there is substantial evidence to suggest involvement in secret spy networks. Hitherto unexamined archival material reveals the underground whereabouts of early modern female spies. For the first time, it is possible to comprehensively explore their contribution to the European spying trade in the seventeenth century. By analysing neglected (continental) spy centres and integrating these groups of female intelligencers into the traditional, male-orientated historical narratives, I will proceed towards a gendered history of early modern espionage.

More information

NWO-VENI: The intimate voice of the Russian Avant-garde: adapting the aesthetic self and the rise of Socialist Realism

Title The intimate voice of the Russian Avant-garde: adapting the aesthetic self and the rise of Socialist Realism
Researcher     dr. J.L.J. Scheijen
Department         Slavic languages and cultures
Term 2011 - 2015
Budget Eur 250.000,00 


Summary
This proposed research uses ego-documents from visual artists that were not intended for publication to reassess the scholarly debate on the demise of the Russian Avant-garde aesthetic in the twenties and early thirties of the 20th century. It provides an alternative perspective on the public discussions in the Russian art world that preceded and orchestrated the rise of Socialist Realism, before its official canonization in 1932. While a majority of Avant-garde artists identified with the rules of Stalinist society, and the official course of the artistic bureaucracy, they also had to come to terms with a severe loss of cultural capital. In diaries, intimate correspondence, and other autobiographical practices they created intricate private narratives to legitimize these losses - narratives that challenge reductionist approaches to the question of the demise of the Avant-garde aesthetic.

While providing new perspectives on a long standing scholarly debate, it will also bring to the fore an important body of texts from archival collections by esteemed artists like Vladimir Tatlin, El Lissitzky and Solomon Nikritin, that have passed unnoticed by western and Russian researchers alike.

Key words: Russian Avant-garde, Ego-documents, Socialist Realism, Stalinism, Avant-garde aesthetic


NWO-VENI: Visions of Rome. Strategic Appropriation of the Roman Heritage in Humanist Latin Poetry

Title Visions of Rome. Strategic Appropriation of the Roman Heritage in Humanist Latin Poetry
Researcher    dr. S.T.M. de Beer
Department         Classics and Classical Civilization
Term 2011 - 2015
Budget Eur 240.000,00 

Summary
Capitol Hill in Washington and Mussolini's triumphal road along the Forum Romanum both present a visual connection to ancient Rome that supports a claim to power. These claims could only be plausible because the city of Rome was - and still is - a heritage site of shared cultural, political and religious milestones. This central position is largely the result of the activities of the Renaissance humanists. They fervently uncovered the glorious Roman past that was still perceptible in the ruined monuments and the Latin Classics. At the same time they restored the Roman heritage by new literary output. This process of preservation and renovation is reflected in the visions of Rome articulated in humanist Latin poetry. A systematic study of these texts is particularly rewarding, because they were written by the main agents in this process, and combine ancient and contemporary, visual and literary images of the eternal city.

These images range from Rome as the capital of a powerful empire to a ruined city; from Rome as the iconic centre of Christian faith to the target of the Protestant Reformation. This research project aims at mapping and understanding these contrasting visions, by viewing them as the result of a dynamic process of selection, interpretation and appropriation of the Roman heritage. It is my hypothesis that these images were strategically employed in order to shape the identities of the humanists and their audience and to legitimize the political and religious powers involved. I furthermore assume that the Latin literary genres, themes and motifs employed support and unite these strategies.

By adopting a multidisciplinary approach, consisting of literary, cultural-historical and sociological methods I will offer a new interpretative framework for the flexibility of the Roman image as strategic appropriation of Rome's literary and cultural heritage.


NWO-VENI: Counting and Accountability. The Politics of Numbers in the democracy of Classical Athens

Title Counting and Accountability. The Politics of Numbers in the democracy of Classical Athens
Researcher dr. T.A. van Berkel
Department Classics and Classical Civilization
Term 1-10-2013 until 30-9-2017
Budget Eur 250.000,00


Summary

Do numbers speak for themselves or is it what you do with them that matters? Are numbers facts or is counting 'the religion of this generation' (Gertrude Stein)?

Contemporary politics is to a large extent conducted through numbers: numeracy is believed to serve as a stimulus to democratic discourse and civic decision making, while politicians are expected to convey correct and exact numerical data as their ability to do so vouches for their accountability, objectivity and expertise-core values of democratic leadership crucial for political trust in society. These democratic connotations of numbers find their origins in an important sense in Classical Athens where the political function and communicative meaning of numbers and calculations were subject to debate.

An inhabitant of the democratic polis of Athens increasingly found himself surrounded by numerical data, ranging from financial records monumentalized on stone and deliberative speeches in the assembly, to playful allusions in tragedy and comedy or highly technical discussions in philosophy. It is my hypothesis that, whereas numbers and calculations are not inherently democratic, the particular cultural circumstances of Athenian direct democracy (5th and 4th centuries BCE) have given rise to a conception of numbers and calculations as democratic phenomena, representing open access to information, objectivity, rational necessity and accountability.

In my project I aim to describe this process and the debate surrounding it by analyzing three types of discourse: written communication in public inscriptions, oral communication in political speeches and explicit reflection in ancient Greek political thought. By adopting an interdisciplinary approach, consisting of philosophical, literary, epigraphic, cultural-historical and anthropological methods, I will offer a new interpretative framework for understanding the role of numbers and calculations as strategies of communication and persuasion in political contexts.


NWO-Cultural Dynamics: Cultural Representations of Living Nature: Dynamics of Intermedial Recording in Text and Image (ca. 1550-1670)

Title Cultural Representations of Living Nature: Dynamics of Intermedial Recording in Text and Image (ca. 1550-1670)
Supervisor     Prof.dr. P.J. Smith
Department Franse taal en cultuur
Researcher Drs. M.E. Rikken
  Dr. M.F. Egmond
Term 01-01-2010 tot 01-01-2015
Budget Eur 464.000
 
Summary
Natural History in Europe changed in a fundamental way after 1550. Knowledge of nature grew exponentially thanks to new discovered species, and new research methods and models of description. The micro-world of insects and other small creatures became a new focus of attention, moreover, partly on account of the invention of the microscope c. 1610 in Italy and the Netherlands. This increase of knowledge caused frictions between the traditional, emblematic worldview and a more scientific one. Signs of these frictions can be discerned in the visual arts and literature.

How did early modern science document the living micro-world and macro-world? How was this scientific documentation transposed to the visual arts and literature? And how did it change medium, for instance from collection (herbarium, collection of curiosities, botanical garden, menagerie) to scientific drawing, printed scientific publication, painting or literature?

Three projects investigate these questions for the period 1550-1670, and share the perspective of intermediality:

1. the interest in the micro-world before and shortly after the invention of the microscope in Italy and the Netherlands (c. 1550-1670);

2. the role of natural history (both the micro- and the macro-world) in paintings by Joris Hoefnagel (1542-c.1600), Jan Brueghel the Elder (1568-1625) and Jan van Kessel (1626-1679).

3. the friction between animal symbolism and zoology in the pictorial and literary representation of the Fall from Dürer to Rembrandt and Vondel.

The relatively long time-span (c. 1550-1670) allows the investigation of the changing frictions between the emblematic and the scientific worldview in a historical perspective.



Publication

P.J. Smith (2010). Diersymboliek in Rembrandts "Zondeval" (1638) en in Vondels "Adam in ballingschap" (1664). De zeventiende eeuw. pp. 2-20. ISSN 0921-142x.


NWO-Internationalisering: From Idol to Museum Piece: Alternative Histories of Sculpture 1660-1815

Title From Idol to Museum Piece: Alternative Histories of Sculpture 1660-1815
Supervisor Prof.dr. C.A. van Eck
Department Art History
Researchers     Prof.dr. C.A. van Eck
Term 01-09-2011 tot 30-08-2014
Budget Eur 39.850,00


Summary
The publication of Winckelmann's Geschichte der Kunst des Altertums in 1764 is generally considered as the defining moment in the genesis of the modern, scholarly study of sculpture. Its immediate success and recognition as a new departure in the study of classical art however has obscured from view other ways of studying the history of sculpture and thinking about the meaning and importance of that art: from the history of idolatry by Borboni and Lemée to the anthropological and ethnographical approaches to the origins, religious role and cultural meaning of sculpture by De Brosses, Guasco, Dulaure and Quatremère de Quincy. The aim of this program is to bring together European and American experts from art history and major European sculpture departments to reconstruct these alternative histories, which have regained their relevance now that the assumptions on which Winckelmann's Geschichte was based have been submitted to a radical critique; to publish their major texts in critical editions and to present the results of this program as well in museum contexts.



NWO - Duurzame Geesteswetenschappen: The First Modern Media President: Franklin D. Roosevelt's Image in Public History Since 1997

Title The First Modern Media President: Franklin D. Roosevelt's Image in Public History Since 1997
Supervisor Prof.dr. P.T.M.G. Liebregts
Department    English Language and Culture
Researcher S.A. Polak, MA
Term 1-9-2010 until 1-9-2015
Budget


Summary
With Washington and Lincoln, Franklin Roosevelt is one of the three most popular presidents in US history. President from 1933 to 1945, Roosevelt led the country during a long and crucial period in its history, but the images of him in widely disseminated films, novels, documentaries, museums, biographies, and memorials, after 1997 when the FDR Memorial in Washington was dedicated, often portray him as more heroic and authentic than historically justified. Roosevelt is often viewed as the first modern media president; he was the first to hold radio speeches, in which he addressed the American citizens very personally, and the first to hold press conferences, spontaneously answering journalists' questions. However, Roosevelt was also a modern media politician in the sense that he carefully -- and very successfully -- managed his future image. This research will on the one hand look at Roosevelt's methods for doing this and their long-term effects. On the other hand, it will study deviations between current-day representations of Roosevelt and historical evidence, in order to trace these inconsistencies back to their sources with himself or elsewhere. While research has been done about the reputations of the other two most popular presidents in US history and memory, Roosevelt's heritage as an icon in modern American culture has not yet been studied in depth. The proposed research will do so.


Clarin-NL: Greek-Dutch dictionary project

Title Greek-Dutch Dictionary project
Supervisors prof.dr. Ineke Sluiter (Universiteit Leiden) en prof.dr. Albert Rijksbaron (em. Universiteit van Amsterdam).
Department Classics ans Classical Civilization
Researchers dr. Michiel Cock; prof.dr. Ton Kessels; dr. Peter Stork; Arjan Nijk MA; Daniël Bartelds MPhil; Jan Vonk; drs. David van Eijndhoven; Janric van Rookhuijzen MA
Term 2012
Budget 70.0000


Last Modified: 09-12-2015