Dr. C.A. (Crystal) Ennis

  • Lecturer
  • Economy/ies of the Modern Middle East

Telephone number: +31 (0)71 527 5635
E-Mail: c.a.ennis@hum.leidenuniv.nl
Faculty / Department: Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen, Leiden Institute for Area Studies, SMES APT
Office Address: Witte Singel-complex
Witte Singel 25/M. de Vrieshof 4
2311 BZ Leiden
Room number 107A

Research themes

  • Gulf political economy
  • Labour market reform, unemployment, migration trends
  • Youth and socio-economic change
  • International Relations of the Gulf
  • Entrepreneurship in the Middle East
  • Innovation, the Knowledge Economy, and Development in the Gulf


Crystal Ennis is a scholar of international political economy and global governance. With a regional focus on the Arabian peninsula, her expertise centres on political economy, development, the labour market, and innovation and entrepreneurship in the Middle East. 

Crystal has worked in both non-profit and education for over a decade. She has academic planning and development experience from her time in program planning at York University in Toronto, and from serving as a project developer and the inaugural head of the Business Studies program at Shinas College of Technology in Oman, where she was also a Lecturer. In non-profit, Crystal worked as a research associate for the Jerusalem Old City Initiative, a track-two diplomacy initiative seeking governance and security solutions for the Old City of Jerusalem, and also served as a member on a CIDA-funded project with the United Group for Democratic Development in Cairo.

She currently has three areas of research with active projects:
(1)  Innovation and Entrepreneurship in the Gulf 
(2)  Migration and labour market trends in Oman 
(3)  BRICS-GCC economic relations 

PhD, Global Governance, University of Waterloo (2013) 
MA, Political Science, University of Windsor (2005) 
Bachelor of Commerce (Honours Business Administration), University of Windsor (2003)

Grants and Awards: 
1. Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), Doctoral Fellowship (2012-2013) 
2. University of Waterloo President’s Scholarship (2012-2013) 
3. Balsillie Doctoral Fellowship (2009-2013) 
4. Provost Doctoral Entrance Award for Women (2009-2010) 
5. Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) grant through the Canada Corps University Partnership Program. Good governance. Team Project. Cairo, Egypt (2005)

Teaching activities

  • Theories and Methods of Middle East Studies (MA seminar)
  • The Middle East in the International Political Economy (MA seminar)
  • Macroeconomics (BAIS)
  • Economies of the Middle East (BA Middle East Studies)
  • Economics: Middle East (BAIS)
  • Emerging Economies (BAIS seminar)

Last Modified: 11-12-2015