Dr. S. (Soledad) Valdivia Rivera

  • Lecturer
  • State-civil society relations
  • Social Movements and Democratization
  • Citizenship and the State

Telephone number: +31 (0)71 527 2947
E-Mail: s.valdivia.rivera@hum.leidenuniv.nl
Faculty / Department: Faculteit der Geesteswetenschappen, Institute for History, Latijns-Amerika studies
Office Address: Witte Singel-complex
van Wijkplaats 3
2311 BX Leiden
Room number 1.03a

Fields of interest

- Actual political reforms and social changes in Bolivia.
- Changing State – civil society relations.
- Social movements and the plurinational State.
- Expansion and revisioning of democracy in Latin America.


Paths of Democratization: Assessing State-Social Movements Relations under the Morales Government in Bolivia, 2006-2012

This dissertation focuses on the changing relations between the State and the social movements under the presidency of Evo Morales in Bolivia. His peculiar political party Movimiento al Socialismo (Movement towards Socialism) may resemble more a coalition or confederation of distinct social movements, and presents itself as ‘the political instrument of the social movements’. After his landslide victory at the presidential elections in December 2005 and a re-election with an absolute majority in 2009, the Morales’ government has implemented a series of political reforms, including a new Constitution and a decentralising restructuring of the State administration. New institutions have also been created such as the ‘Under-Ministry for the Coordination with Civil Society and the Social Movements’. Although the political discourse claims these changes are an attempt to integrate marginal sectors of society (specially the indigenous population), to provide the social movements with a real say in the political arena, and to reduce the great inequality in this country, not all of Morales’ policies have gone uncontested.
I look particularly to the changing relations between the State and the social movements, the impact of such changes on the functioning of both political actors and the extent to which such changing State-Civil Society relations benefit the process of democratisation in Bolivia.

Curriculum vitae

I was born in Bolivia and came to live in the Netherlands in 1997. After obtaining a bachelor degree in Cultural Anthropology at the University of Leiden in 2007, I followed the research master programme of Latin American and Amerindian Studies at the same university.
In 2009 I graduated from the programme in the speciality of Modern History of Latin America.
In 2009, the NWO (the Dutch Organisation for Scientific Research) awarded me a Mosaic-grant to carry out a four year doctoral research. She obtained her PhD degree on 23 September 2014..

Last Modified: 10-12-2015